History And Birth Of HTML 5

Published On: 26 Aug, 2014 Updated On: 09 Mar, 2016

In today’s world everybody wants to take first place when it comes to keeping track of what’s happening in the field of internet technologies. But somewhere we lag... Of course, it’s hard to learn and implement anything and everything when it comes to such a technology which is still in growing phase. So now, I am going to talk about one such technology which is growing at internet speed, lots of contributions has been made to make it superb.. And that is HTML5. So, lets first discuss the birth of it.

We all know about HTML (HyperText Markup Language) right! It’s a basic markup language used for creating webpages so that they can be viewed in browsers. It’s the basic building blocks of any of the website. It was created many years ago and contained lots of cool tags. But as we know, everything comes with its own pros and cons.

And few of the cons were :-

  • Videos will run only if flash player is installed in browsers.
  • Audio cannot be played in all the browsers.
  • One has to learn flash and other related technologies to develop online games.

So, people started thinking about the ways to overcome these problems. They wanted one common solution for all the problems. Apple, Mozilla Foundation and Opera started asking W3C to build a new platform which will be an answer to all the existing issues. But W3C was busy and very much focussed on building XHTML 2.0. Also, Internet Explorer (IE) was not so advanced to support new enhanced platform. Therefore, Apple, Mozilla Foundation and Opera started their own group called WHATWG (Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group). And in 2008 WHATWG developed and released the first version of HTML5.

At that time, it was not so widespread, and Adobe Flash was the leader when it came to embedding multimedia content like video, banner ads, games etc. on webpages. Later, W3C (World Wide Learn Consortium) also joined hands to help further evolution of HTML5. It was really challenging for WHATWG to compete with flash, but who knew that a time will come when there will be no Flash!!!

Slowly, people started trying out various features of HTML5. Steve Jobs said he’ll soon drop support for Flash on smartphones and start using HTML5. The Online document sharing site Scribd used this technology to make device independent UI (User Interface). Chrome Store was built using HTML5. Nowadays all smartphones are full compatible with HTML5.

Using this technology solved problems like :-

  • Now videos don’t require flash to be installed in browsers.
  • Audio can be played in all major browsers.
  • One don’t have to learn it. JavaScript knowledge is enough to build cool games and apps using the same technology.

Good thing is that, today it is supported in all major browsers like Chrome, Firefox, Opera, Safari etc. including IE9+. Its APIs are still being enhanced and will be ready soon with its awesome APIs for our use.

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